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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2006) III

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Questions and Answers (24 points in all, 6 for each)
Give brief Answers to each at the following questions in English. Write your answers in the corresponding since on the answer sheet.

45. Novum Orgamum, along with other works, won the author the honor" Father of modem science. "

A. What is the name of the author?
Francis Bacon

B. What is the main concern of this work?
The work is an argument for the inductive reasoning in place of the Aristotelian deductive reasoning.

C. Why is the work so important for the development of modem science?
The Aristotelian reasoning only states the fact, not capable of discovery while the inductive reasoning, although starting with a hypothesis and developing with experiments, may lead to the discovery of true knowledge.

46. English Romanticism is generally said to have begun in 1798 with the publication of Wordsworth and Coleridge' s Lyrical Ballads. Why is Lyrical Ballads considered the milestone to mark the beginning of English Romanticism?

A. In Lyrical Ballads, Wordsworth and Coleridge explored new theories and innovated new techniques in poetic writing.  
B. The preface to the second edition of the Lyrical Ballads acts as a manifesto for the new school and Wordsworth sets forth his own critical creed of poetry and poet.  
C. In this work, Wordsworth employs a different style from his early works, that is, simplicity in language, sympathy for the poor, and expressions of inward states of mind.

47. Whitman is one of the representative poets in America. He employs brand -new means in his poetry. What are the features of his poetry?

A. His poetic style is marked by the use of the poetic "I".
B. He adopted "free verse", poetry without a fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme.
C. The image in his poems are unconventional.
D. He uses oral English.
E. His vocabulary is amazing.
F. Parallelism and phonetic recurrence are used at the beginning of the lines.

48. Mark Twain and Henry James are two representatives of the realistic writers in American literature, How is Twain' s realism different from James' s realism?

A. Mark Twain's realism is tainted with local color, preferring to have his own reason and people at the forefront of his stories.
B James' realism is concerned with the "inner world" of man.
C. James's realism is also concerned with the international theme.
D. Twain's language is simple and colloquial
E. Twain employs humor in his writing.
F. James's language is elaborate and refined with lengthy psychological analyses.

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