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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2005) III

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Ⅲ. Questions and Answers (24 points in all, 6 for each)
45.As a rule, and allegory is a story in verse or prose with a double meaning: a surface meaning, and an implied meaning. List two works as examples of allegory. What is the implied meaning an allegory is usually concerned with?

A. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and Spenser's The Faerie Queene, etc.
B. It is usually concerned with moral, religious, political, symbolic or mythical ideas.

46.“Let it not be supposed by the enemies of‘the system,’that during the period of his solitary incarceration, Oliver was denied the benefit of exercise, the pleasure of society, or the advantages of religious consolation.” What do you think Charles Dickens intends to say in the above ironic statement taken from Oliver Twist?

A. The sentence is a typical example of irony. What Dickens intends to say is just the opposite of the sentence's literal meaning.
B. For the"benefit" of exercise, Oliver was whipped every morning in a stone yard; for the "pleasure" of society, he was carried every other day into the dining hall and flogged as a public warning and example to the boys; and as for the "advantages" of religious consolation, he was kicked into the same apartment every evening at prayer time and listened to the boys' prayer to be guarded against his sins and vices.
C. The ironic statement is, in fact, a bitter denunciation and fierce attack at the brutal, inhuman treatment of the poor orphan by the workhouse authority.

47.Whitman has made radical changes in the form of poetry by choosing free verse as his medium of expression. What are the characteristics of Whitman’s free verse?

A. It doesn't have fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme.
B. The poetic lines are simple and prose-like, varying in length, which allows him to express his ideas freely.
C. Whitman also applies oral English in his free verse to make it an effective way to express freely the feelings of common people.

48.Some of Hemingway’s heroes are regarded as the Hemingway code heroes. Whatever the differences in experience and age, they all have something in common which Hemingway values. What are the characteristics of the Hemingway code hero?

A. They have seen the cold world and for one cause or another, they boldly and courageously face the reality; whatever the result is, they are ready to live with grace under pressure.

B. Almost all his heroes are "soldiers" either in a narrow or broad sense. They are out there to fight against nature or the world, or even themselves. But no matter where the battleground is and how tragic the ending is, they will never be defeated.

C. Hemingway himself is one of those Code heroes; some critics say his protagonists are autobiographical, for they share something that is Hemingway.

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