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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2004) I

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Ⅰ.Multiple Choice (40 points in all, 1 for each)
Select from the four choices of each item the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. Write your correct answer on the answer sheet.

1.“And we will sit upon the rocks, /Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks,/By shallow rivers to whose falls/Melodious birds sing madrigals.” The above lines are taken from __B____.
A. Milton’s Paradise Lost                    
B. Marlowe’s “The Passionate shepherd to His Love”
C. Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18”            
D. John Donne’s “The Sun Rising”

2.The English Renaissance period was an age of __A____ .
A. poetry and drama                          
B. drama and novel
C. novel and poetry                          
D. romance and poetry

3.Here are four lines taken from Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queene: “But on his brest a bloudie Crosse he bore,/The deare remembrance of his dying Lord,/For whose sweete sake that glorious badge he wore,/And dead as living ever him adored.” Who is the “dying Lord” discussed in the above lines? __C____
A. Beowulf B. King Arthur C. Jesus Christ D. Jupiter

4.In Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice, Antonio could not pay back the money he borrowed from Shylock, because __D____.
A. his money was all invested in the newly-emerging textile industry
B. his enterprise went bankrupt
C. Bassanio was able to pay his own debt
D. his ships had all been lost

5. Which of the following statements best illustrates the theme of Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18? __C_
A. The speaker eulogizes the power of Nature.
B. The speaker satirizes human vanity.
C. The speaker praises the power of artistic creation.
D. The speaker meditates on man’s salvation.

6. In English poetry, a four-line stanza is called __B____.
A. heroic couplet B. quatrain C. Spenserian stanza D. terza rima

7. “Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,/Their homely joys, and destiny obscure;/Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile /The short and simple annals of the poor.”
 The above lines are taken from ___D___   .
A. Alexander Pope’s Essay on Criticism
B. Coleridge’s “Kubla Khan”
C. John Donne’s “The Sun Rising”
D. Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”

8. By making the truth-seeking pilgrims suffer at the hands of the people of Vanity Fair, John Bunyan intends to show the prevalent political and religious __A____of his time.
A. persecution B. improvement C. prosperity D. disillusionment

9. The 18th century witnessed a new literary form-the modern English novel, which, contrary to the medieval romance, gives a __B____ presentation of life of the common people.
A. romantic B. realistic C. prophetic D. idealistic

10. As a whole, __B____is one of the most effective and devastating criticisms and satires of all aspects in the then English and European life— socially, politically, religiously, philosophically, scientifically, and morally.
A. Moll Flanders B. Gulliver’s Travels
C. Pilgrim’s Progress D. The School for Scandal

11. An honest, kind-hearted young man, who is full of animal spirit and lacks prudence, is expelled from the paradise and has to go through hard experience to gain knowledge of himself and finally to have been accepted both by a virtuous lady and a rich relative .The above sentence may well sum up the theme of Fielding’s work ___B___.
A. Jonathan Wild the Great B. Tom Jones
C. The Coffe-House Politician D. Amelia

12. In Sheridan’s The School for scandal, the man who wins the hand of his beloved as well as the inheritance of his rich uncle is __A____ .
A. Charles Surface B. Joseph Surface
C. Sir Peter Teazle D. Sir Benjamin Backbite

13. Which of the following works best represents the national spirit of the 18th-century England? ___A___
A. Robinson Crusoe B. Gulliver’s Travels
C. Jonathan Wild the Great D. A Sentimental Journey

14. Shelley’s masterpiece, Prometheus Unbound, is a verse drama, which borrows the basic story from ___C___ .
A. the Bible B. a German legend
C. a Greek play D. One Thousand and One Nights

15. In the first part of the novel Pride and prejudice, Mr. Darcy has a (n) ___C___ of the Bennet family .
A. high opinion B. great admiration
C. low opinion D. erroneous view

16. In Byron’s poem “Song for the Luddites,” the word “Luddite” refers to the __A____ .
A. workers who destroyed the machines in their protest against unemployment
B. rising bourgeoisie who fights against the aristocratic class
C. descendents of the ancient king ,Lud
D. poor country people who suffered under the rule of the landlord class

17. Mr. Micawber in David Copperfield and Sam Well in Pickwick Papers are perhaps the best  ___A___ characters created by Charles Dickens.
A. comic B.tragic C. round D.sophisticated

18. A typical feature of the English Victorian literature is that writers became social and moral  ___C___ , exposing all kinds of social evils.
A. revolutionaries B. idealists C. critics D. defenders

19. “Is it not sufficient for your infernal selfishness, that while you are at peace I shall writhe in the torments of hell?”(Heathcliff uttered the sentence in the death scene of Catherine from Chapter XV of Wuthering Heights.) The word “hell” at the end of the quoted sentence refers to  ___D___ .
A. Heaven B. Hades C. the next world D. this world

20. A typical Forsyte, according to John Galsworthy, is a man with a strong sense of  ___D___ ,who never pays any attention to human feelings.
A. justice B. humor C. morality D. property

21. “He was silent with conceit of his son. Mrs. Morel sniffed, as if it were nothing.”(Sons and Lovers by D.H.Lawrence)From the above quotation, we can see that Mrs. Morel’s attitude to her husband is __D____ .
A. sincerely warm B. genuinely kind
C. seemingly angry D. merely contemptuous

22. A boy makes a quest of his idealized childish love through painful experience up to the point of losing his innocence and coming to see the drabness and harshness of the adult world.
The above sentence may well sum up the major theme of __C____.
A. Eliot’s poem The love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
B. Bernard shaw’s play Mrs. Warren’s Profession
C. Joyce’s story Araby
D. Lawrence’s story The Horse Dealer’s Daughter

23. Linguistically, compared with the writings of Mark Twain, Henry James’s fiction is noted for his __D____.
A. frontier vernacular B. rich colloquialism
C. vulgarly descriptive words D. refined elegant language

24. Which of the following statements about Washington Irving is NOT true? __B____
A. Literary imagination should breed in a land rich in the past culture.
B. He is preoccupied with the Calvinistic view of original sin and the mystery of evil.
C. His stories are among the best of the American literature.
D. Some of his works are based on the materials of the European legendary tales.

25. Which of the following is NOT one of the main ideas advocated by Emerson, the chief spokesman of New England Transcendentalism? __D____
A. As an individual, man is divine and can develop and improve himself infinitely.
B. Nature exercises a healthy and restorative influence on human beings.
C. There exists an emotional communication between an individual soul and the universal “Oversoul.”
D. Evil and sin are ever present in human heart and will pass on from one generation to another.”

26. Whitman’s poems are characterized by all the following features EXCEPT ___A___ .
A. the strict poetic form B. the free and natural rhythm
C. the easy flow of feelings D. the simple and conversational language

27. “Then all collapsed, and the great shroud of the sea rolled on as it rolled five thousand years ago.” In the quoted sentence, the author might imply that ___B___.
A. nothing changes in the 5000 years of human history
B. man’s desire to conquer nature can only end in his own destruction
C. nature is evil as it was 5000 years ago
D. nature has the ultimate creative power

28. “Standing on the bare ground,—my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space ,—all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball. I am nothing. I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.”
The above passage is taken from __C____.
A. Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin B. Cooper’s “Leatherstocking Tales”
C. Emerson’s “Nature” D. Dreiser’s Sister Carrie

29. Which of the following works best illustrates the Calvinistic view of original sin? ___D___
A. Stowe’s Uncle Ton’s Cabin B. James’s The Portrait of a Lady.
C. Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms D. Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter.

30. Beside symbolism, all the following qualities EXCEPT __D____are fused to make Melville’s Moby-Dick a world classic.
A. narrative power B. psychological analysis
C. speculative agility D. optimistic view of life

31. In all his novels Theodore Dreiser sets himself to project the __B____ American values. For example, in Sister Carrie, there is not one character whose status is not determined economically.
A. Puritan B. materialistic
C. psychological D. religious

32. In Daisy Miller, Henry James reveals Daisy’s ___D___ by showing her relatively unreserved manners.
A. hypocrisy B. cold and indifference
C. grace and patience D. Americanness

33. The raft with which Huck and Jim make their voyage down the Mississippi River may symbolize all the following EXCEPT __C____.
A. a return to nature
B. an escape from evils, injustices, and corruption of the civilized society
C. the American society in the early 19th century
D. a small world where people of different colors can live friendly and happily

34. Emily Grierson, the protagonist in Faulkner’s story “A Rose for Emily,” can be regarded as a symbol for all the following qualities EXCEPT__D____.
A. old values B. rigid ideas of social status
C. bigotry and eccentricity D. harmony and integrity

35. As a Modernist poet ,Pound is noted for his active involvement in the __B____ .
A. cubist school of modern painting
B. Imagist Movement
C. stream-of-consciousness technique
D. German Expressionism

36. The statement that a boy’s night journey to an Indian village to witness the violence of both birth and death provides all the possibilities of a learning experience may well sum up the major theme of ___B___ .
A. Faulkner’s story “A Rose for Emily”
B. Hemingway’s story “Indian Camp”
C. Irving’s story “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
D. James’s story “Daisy Miller”

37. Which of the following plays by O’Neill can be read autobiographically? __D____
A. The Hairy Ape B. The Emperor Jones
C. The Iceman Cometh D. Long Day’s Journey Into Night

38. When we say that a poor young man from the West tried to make his fortune in the East but was disillusioned in the quest of an idealized dream, we are probably discussing about __B____’s thematic concern in his fiction writing.
A. Henry James B. Scott Fitzgerald
C. Ernest Hemingway D. William Faulkner

39.After his experiences in the forest, Young Goodman Brown returns to Salem __A____.
A. desperate and gloomy B. renewed in his faith
C. wearing a black veil D. unaware of his own sin

40. According to Mark Twain, in river towns up and down the Mississippi, it was every boy’s dream to some day grow up to be __C____.
A. Methodist preacher B. a justice of the peace
C. a riverboat pilot   D. a pirate on the Indian Ocean

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