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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2001) Ⅱ

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Ⅱ.Reading Comprehension (16 points, 4 for each)
Read the quoted parts carefully and answer the questions in English.Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.

41. "And the native hue of resolution/Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought." (Shakespeare, Hamlet)

Questions:
A. What does the "native hue of resolution" mean?  
determination (determinedness, action, activity, ...)

B. What does the "pale cast of thought" stand for?  
consideration (indecision, inactivity, hesitation, ...)

C. What idea do the two lines express?  
Too much thinking (consideration,...) made (makes) activity (action) impossible.

42. "Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; /Destroyer and Preserver; hear, O hear!"

Questions:
A. Identify the poem and the poet.  
"Ode to the West Wind";  Shelley

B. What is the "Wild Spirit"?  
The West Wind; "breath of Autumn’s being"

C. What does the "Wild Spirit" destroy and preserve?  
It destroys things/thoughts/ideas that are dead (obsolete, ...); it preserves new life (or seeds that represent new life or new birth).

43. "When the minister spoke from the pulpit, with power and fervid eloquence, and, with his hands on the open bible, of the sacred truths of our religion, and of saint-like lives and triumphant deaths, and of future bliss or misery unutterable, then did Goodman Brown turn pale, dreading, lest the roof should thunder down upon the gray blasphemer and his hearers.

Questions:
A. Identify the title of the short story from which this part is taken.  
Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown.

B. What had happened in the story before this church scene?
Brown had attended a witches’ party where he saw many prominent people of the village, the minister included.

C. Why was Goodman Brown afraid the roof might thunder down?
Brown was shocked by the minister, secretly a member of the evil club, who could talk about sacred truths of the religion openly and unashamedly. He thought God would punish such hypocrites down on them.

44. (A lot of common objects have been enumerated before, and here are the last two lines of There Was a Child Went Forth)
The horizon’s edge, the flying sea-crow, the fragrance of salt marsh and shore mud.
These became part of that child who went forth every day, and who now goes, and will always go forth every day.

Questions:
A. Who is the author of this poem?  
Walt Whitman.

B. What does the "Child" stand for in the poem?  
The young growing America.

C. In one or two sentences, interpret the implied meaning of the two lines.
The poet uses his childhood experience of growing up and learning about the world around him to imply that young America will grow and develop like that.


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