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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2000) III

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Ⅲ.Questions and Answers (24 points, 6 points for each)
Give brief answers to each of the following questions in English.Write your answers in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.

45.The following quotation is the ending of a poem by Robert Browning:
Nay, we'll go
Together down, sir, Notice Neptune, though,
Taming a sea horse, though a rarity,
Which Claus of Innsbruck cast in bronze for me.

A. What is the title of the poem?  "My Last Duchess"

B. Who is the speaker?  The Duke, or the husband of the Duchess.

C. What is the importance of the allusion  "Neptune…/Taming a sea horse" in the whole poem?
Placed at the end of the poem, the allusion serves as the conclusion that tells the reader-listener that the speaker is a tyrant.

46.Novum Organum("New Instrument"), along with other works, won the author the honour "Father of modern science."

A. Who is the author?  Francis Bacon.

B. What is the main concern of the work?
The work is an argument for the inductive reasoning in place of the Aristotelian deductive reasoning.

C. Why the work is so important for the development of modern science?
The Aristotelian reasoning only states the fact, not capable of discovery while the inductive reasoning, although starting with a hypothesis and developing with experiments, may lead to the discovery of true knowledge.

47.Ezra Pound is one of the pioneers in modern poetry.

A.What is the poetic school of which he is a chief member?  Imagism.

B. What is Pound's representative work of many years of poetic creation?  The Cantos.

C. What is the title of his frequently quoted one-image poem? "In a Station of the Metro"

D. Pound has translated some literary works from two great ancient civilizations.
One is Greece. What is the other?
China.

E. How do you understand his famous comment "The image itself is the speech"?
Pound means that image should not be ornaments only, but should be the focus of poetic expression. By emphasizing the exterior object, Pound hopes to avoid moralizing and achieve clarity and exactness.

48.William Faulkner, a Nobel Priza winner, has an important position in American literature.

A. Name two of his Major novels.
Soldiers'Pay, Sartoris, The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, Light in August, Absalom, Absalom!, The Hamlet, The Town, The Mansion, and Intruder in the Dust.

B. Do you know anything about"Yoknapatawpha County?"
Yoknapatawpha County is an imagined place based on Faulkner's own hometown, a place that he took for the setting of 15 of his 19 novels and many short stories. This small region in the American South becomes in Faulkner's fiction an allegory or a parable of the Old South.

C. What is unique of Faulkner's fiction, historically and geographically?
His literary representation of the Old South; and his theme of the deterioration, loss and moral decay of the Old South when it was falling apart.

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