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Lesson 16: Tess of the D’Urbervilles

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1 Lesson 16: Tess of the D’Urbervilles on Sat Jul 12, 2014 8:53 pm

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On an evening in the latter part of May a middle-aged man was walking homeward from Shaston to the village of Marlott, in the adjoining Vale of Blakemore or Blackmoor.

五月后半月里,有一天傍晚,一个中年男子,正打沙氏屯,朝着跟它相连的那个布蕾谷(或者布莱谷)里面的马勒村往家里走去。

Presently he was met by an elderly parson astride on a gray mare, who, as he rode, hummed a wandering tune.

他往前刚走了一会儿,就有一个上了年纪的牧师,跨着一匹灰色的骡马,一路信口哼着一个小调儿,迎着面走来。

An empty egg-basket was slung upon his arm, the nap of his hat was ruffled, a patch being quite worn away at its brim where his thumb came in taking it off.

他胳膊上挎着一个空着的鸡蛋篮子,头上那顶帽子的绒头都乱七八糟的,帽檐上摘帽子的时候大拇指接触的那个地方还磨掉了一大块。

‘Good night t’ee.’said the man with the basket.

“晚安”挎篮子的人说。

Don’t you really know, Durbeyfield, that you are the lineal representative of the ancient and knightly family of the d’Urbervilles, who derive their decent from sir Pagan d’Urberville that renowned knight who came from Normandy with William the Conqueror, as appears by Battle Abbey Roll?

德北,你真不知道你就是那古老的武士世家德伯氏的嫡派子孙吗?德伯氏的始祖是那位有名气的武士裴根·德伯爵士,据“纪功寺谱”上说,他是跟着胜利王威廉从诺曼底到英国来的。

As the young man looked doubtful, Durbeyfield put his hand in his pocket, and pulled out a shilling.

因为那小伙子显出疑惑的神情,德贝菲尔就把手伸进口袋,掏出一先令。

The young man looked at the group of girls, and attempted to choose someone. But because they were all so new to him, he didn’t know where to start. So he took the nearest.

那年轻人看着这群姑娘,打算挑一个。但是,这些姑娘他一个也不认识。不知道从哪个开始才好,所以他挑了一个离他最近的。

He occasionally gave a smart nod, as if in confirmation of some opinion, though he was not thinking of anything in particular.

待一会儿他就轻快地把头一点,好像是对某一意见表示赞成似的,其实他心里头可并没想什么特别的事儿。



He learned his London at first hand and he came to understand the comedy as well as tragedy of poverty.

他“认识伦敦”是由于亲身经历,因而知道贫穷有悲伤,也有欢乐。

Tell them to send a horse and carriage to me immediately. I wish to be carried home.

吩咐他们立即给我派一辆单马马车来。我要坐车回家。

“This is a great shame,” he said, to two girls near him, “where are your men, my dears? ”

“真是万分可惜,”他对近旁的两个姑娘说。“亲爱的,你们的小伙子都上哪儿去啦?”

The pedestrian, after another pace or two, halted , and turned round.

那个行人走了一两步,站住了脚,转过身来。

Presently he was met by an elderly parson stride on a gray mare, who, as he rode, hummed a wandering tune.

他往前刚走了一会儿,就有一个上年纪的牧师,骑着一匹灰色的骡马,一路信口哼着小调,迎着面儿走来。

The pair of legs that carried him were rickety, and there was a bias in his gait which inclined him somewhat to the left of a straight line.

支着他的那两条腿来时摇摇晃晃的,他走路的姿势里,总有一种倾斜的趋势,使他或多或少地往一条直线的左边歪。

He walked Susan to the corner and sent his greetings to John, and to Mary, their daughter.

他送苏珊到街口拐弯处,请她向约翰、玛丽和他们的女儿问好。

They were too well-dressed to be villagers.

他们穿着讲究,一看就不是村里人。

Byron’s father ,by his first marriage, had a daughter, Augusta, Byron’s half-sister.

拜伦的父亲和第一位妻子生了一个女儿,名叫奥古斯塔,是拜伦同父异母的姐姐。

Don’t order me about like that, John Durbeyfield.You know my name as well as I knew yours.

别对我这么吆五喝六的,约翰·德伯菲尔德,咱们谁还不认得谁呀!

This made a difference in the young man’s thoughts on the matter.

这一来,年轻人对这事儿立即改变了态度。

“Boy, take my basket! I want you to do something for me.”

“小伙子,拎着我的篮子!我要你为我做点儿事情。”

I’d forgotten in the middle of all my excitement.

光顾着高兴,把这事儿给忘了。

Unimportant as the matter was, he felt that she was hurt by this.

事儿虽没什么,可他觉得他伤害了那女孩。

She was so sweet, so soft-looking in her thin white dress.

她长得那么娇美,穿着白裙子显得那么柔弱。

One can never have too many friends.

朋友多多益善。

Mrs. Durbeyfield’s jacket and hat were already hanging upon a chair by her side.

德贝菲尔太太的上衣和帽子早已搭在她身旁的一只椅子上了。

There was a dreamy look in her mother’s face which the girl could not understand.

妈妈的脸上有一种想入非非的神情,姑娘对这就不明白了。

It has been found that we are the greatest family in the whole district.

已经查明我们是这整个地区最有名望的人家。

It wasn’t because he’d been drinking, as people supposed.

并不是像别人所想象的那样,是因为喝了酒。

He wanted feel stronger for his journey tomorrow with that load of boxes.

他希望明天感到更精神些,好带那一车箱子上路。

He became an artist after a fashion.

他勉强成了艺术家

I like him for all his faults.

尽管他有缺点,我还是喜欢他。

The patient’s own picture of what they suffer from is usually the least reliable datum for a diagnosis.

病人对自己病情的描述往往是最不可靠的诊断依据。

No one can be in China more than a few hours without sensing an enormous optimism.

任何人只要在中国呆上几小时,就会感觉到一种巨大的乐观主义精神。

The grocer seemed to be in a strange silence for a man who only a moment before had been so noisy with talk.

这掌柜的真奇怪,早一刻儿那么话多,这会儿一言不发了。

The more difficult it is for anybody to concern himself in political matters, the worse it is for democracy.

人民参加政治之障碍愈多,民主政治之前途愈危险。

直到在法庭受到审讯时,他才明白了事情的真相。

It was not until his trial in the court that he got to know the truth of it.

傅雷认为翻译重在实践。

“重神似不重形似”,这是傅雷的主张。

傅雷研究法国文学,翻译了包括巴尔扎克的《人间喜事》和罗曼·罗兰的《约翰·克里斯朵夫》在内的大量法国文学作品。

lineal representative 嫡系子孙

little time ago 不久以前

to wear away 磨损,侵蚀

from head to toe/ from top to toe/ from head to foot 从头到脚

on account of 由于,因为

be well-dressed 衣冠楚楚,衣着讲究

William the Conqueror 征服者威廉

To make a difference起作用、有效果

仔细挑选 to pick and choose

哼曲子、哼小调 hum a tune

郡志 country history

俱乐部舞会 the club dance

有名的武士 renowned knight

拍马走了一两步 ride a step or two nearer

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