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CN English-American literature test paper (April, 2004) III

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Ⅲ. Questions and Answers(24 points in all, 6 for each)
Give brief answers to each of the following questions in English. Write your answers in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.

45. It is said that B. Shaw’s play, Mrs. Warren’s Profession, has a strong realistic theme, which fully reflects the dramatist’s Fabianist idea. Try to summarize this theme briefly.

A. The play reveals that guilt for prostitution lies more upon the social system than the immoral woman.
B. In the play,Shaw shows clearly that all human suffering are consequences of the cruel economic exploitation, which is pursued shamelessly by the so-called respectable members of the society through the lowest and dirtiest means.

46. Emily Bronte used a very complicated narrative technique in writing her novel Wuthering Heights. Try to tell Bronte’s way of narration briefly.

A. Emily Bronte starts the story from towards the end when Heathcliff is master of both Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange and little Cathy and Hareton are still in his clutch, and then goes back to the very beginning and moves back and forth as the occasion requires.
B. Most of the story is told by Nelly, Catherine's old nurse, to Mr.Lockwood, a temporary tenant at Thrushcross Grange.
C. Part of it is told by Mr.Lockwood himself, and part through Catherine's diary and Isabella's letters to Nelly.

47. “In your rocking-chair, by your window dreaming, shall you long, alone. In your rocking-chair, by your window, shall you dream such happiness as you may never feel.” The two sentences are taken from Theodore Dreiser’s novel, Sister Carrie. What idea can you draw from the “rocking-chair”?

A. The "rocking-chair" is a symbol standing for fate. It is like cradle that makes one feel peaceful. It is also like a tide that ever goes on with life, the destiny of which is uncertain.
B. By the end of the novel, Carrie sits in the rocking-chair, which implies that her future is still uncertain and hard to foresee.

48. The literary school of naturalism was quite popular in the late 19th century. What are the major characteristics of naturalism?

A. Strongly influenced by social Darwinism, naturalism emphasizes the determining power of the crushing forces of environment and heredity.
B. Being devoid of the freedom of choice and incapable of shaping their own destinies, men and women are helpless and insignificant in a cold and indifferent world.
C. The naturalistic writers reported truthfully and objectively, with a passion for scientific accuracy and overwhelming accumulation of factual detail.

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